Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Real leader of Pakistan
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is a brand of Pakistani politics. History of Pakistan remains incomplete, if we forget a this name. Of course, he was the real leader of the country. National politics has been moving around Bhutto and Anti Bhutto factors for a decades after his death. At last, most of Anti Bhutto forces like Nawaz Sharif and a lot of former judiciary members had to apologize for his assassination. Now let’s start his story.
Mr. Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928. He was the only son of Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto. He completed his early education from Bombay’s Cathedral High School. In 1947, he joined the University of Southern California, and later the University of California at Berkeley in June 1949. After completing his degree with honors in Political Science at Berkeley in June 1950, he was admitted to Oxford.
On September 8, 1951, Zulfiqar Bhutto was married with Nusrat Isphahani . He was called to Bar at Lincoln’s Inn in 1953, and the same year his first child, Benazir Bhutto, was born on June 21. On his return to Pakistan, Bhutto started practicing Law at Dingomal’s.
Bhutto entered in practical politics In 1958, when he joined President Iskander Mirza’s Cabinet as Commerce Minister. He was the youngest Minister in Ayub Khans Cabinet. In 1963, he took over the post of Foreign Minister from Muhammad Ali Bogra.
His first major achievement was to conclude the Sino-Pakistan boundary agreement on March 2, 1963. In mid 1964, Bhutto helped convince Ayub of the wisdom of establishing closer economic and diplomatic links with Turkey and Iran. The trio later on formed the R. C. D. In June 1966, Bhutto left Ayub’s Cabinet over differences concerning the Tashkent Agreement.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto launched Pakistan Peoples Party after leaving Ayub’s Cabinet. In the general elections held in December 1970, P. P. P. won a large majority in West Pakistan but failed to reach an agreement with Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rahman, the majority winner from East Pakistan. Following the 1971 War and the separation of East Pakistan, Yahya Khan resigned and Bhutto took over as President and Chief Martial Law Administrator on December 20, 1971.
For the sack of economy betterment, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto nationalized ten categories of major industries, and withdrew Pakistan from the Commonwealth of Nations and S. E. A. T. O. when Britain and other western countries recognized the new state of Bangladesh. On March 1, he introduced land reforms, and on July 2, 1972, signed the Shimla Agreement with India, which paved the way for the return of occupied lands and the release of Pakistani prisoners captured in East Pakistan in the 1971 war.
After the National Assembly passed the 1973 Constitution, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was sworn-in as the Prime Minister of the country. On December 30, 1973, he laid the foundation of Pakistan’s first steel mill at Pipri, near Karachi. On January 1, 1974, Bhutto nationalized all banks. On February 22, 1974, the second Islamic Summit was inaugurated in Lahore. Heads of States of most of the 38 Islamic countries attended the Summit. Following a political crisis in the country, Bhutto was imprisoned by General Zia-ul-Haq, who imposed Martial Law on July 5, 1977.
Then Pakistan saw a strange scene, when it’s popular leader Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged On April 4, 1979, when the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence passed by the Lahore High Court. The High Court had given him the death sentence on charges of murder of the father of a dissident P. P. P. politician Ahmad Raza Khan Kasuri. That was a great loss for the country and Pakistan is still paying for it.